2018 International Rules

Rule 36. PROCEDURAL VIOLATIONS (PENALTY 8)

a.) OFF SIDES:

i.) PENALTY HITS: If a player of the fouling team is off the field at the time the umpire calls play, he may enter the field opposite the side his team is defending but may not make a play until he passes a player of his own team who was properly positioned at the time of the penalty hit. A violation of this procedure will result in an increased penalty against the fouling team.
ii.) THROW-IN: If a player is on the wrong side of the line-up when the ball is thrown in, he may not make a play until he is behind a member of his own team who was properly positioned. Should he make or attempt a play prior to being passed by a member of his own team, a penalty shall be awarded. 
iii.) KNOCK-IN: If a player from the attacking team (defending the knock-In) is off the field when the ball is hit or hit at, he may enter the field behind the hitter but may not make a play until he passes a player of his own team who was properly positioned at the time the ball was hit or hit at.  A violation of this procedure will result in a Penalty against the attacking team.
iv.) If all four players on the same team are off sides at the time play commences with a Throw-In, Knock-In or Penalty Shot, no player on that team may make a play until play is interrupted and resumed.  If any such player makes a play, a Penalty 2 shall be awarded to the other team. 

©David Lominska.